How to prepare for exams? 7-step memo for schoolchildren and students

Debesylian stories

We are at school with a friend, and 15 minutes away Lithuanian language assessment - we had to learn the language by heart. I'm good, but my friend is not.

It took me about 10-15 minutes at home to learn my language. Girlfriend is panicking though she'd be sure to learn hers in the minutes left before kick-off. Only, unfortunately, not with the methods we were taught in school.

I think all people reading this article know very well what it means to sit all evening or even a week in front of textbooks, books or a computer screen, trying to do something, finish or learn...

...Crazy! What happens then?

Lots of work, the pressure is huge, you don't even know where to start, so you just sit there holding your head and blaming the world, calling your employers the nicest names and cursing that you went to law school.

By the way, the author of all these illustrations is the super Petras Kasiulynas. Thanks to him! 🙂

I want to share 7 ways of effective learning, how by working extra just 2 hours a week, students can have an average >9, and everyone else can stop making excuses that you don't have time for anything.

Today we will learn to work more efficiently.

No. 1|Create the right place for work.

The best way to start is to reorganize your workplace. If you feel that your productivity is too low, it is the arrangement of the work space can change everything. It is not difficult at all and very effective. Why?

Does it happen that you feel great when you get home, but as soon as you sit down at your desk you feel sleepy, lazy or just in a bad mood?

This happened because if you haven't changed much on the desk or in the study for a long time, you captured certain emotions in things. Or, in other words, you created it subliminal contextual memory.

(It's easier than it sounds.)

Let's say you got home, you were ready to start doing your homework, but then suddenly you thought "oh, I'll check Facebook quickly and then I'll start". Then you imperceptibly turned on the music, started texting and you were surprised to see that two hours had disappeared somewhere. That's how "I don't have time at all" appears. This is already information that you have captured in the work environment. As a result, the next time you sit down, the same thing is very likely to happen.

Fortunately, by changing even minor details, we can re-encode the desired and more useful information.

Rebuild desktop, and if you can't or don't want to - replace it what's on it, smile (this will capture the mood in the space), sit down and work. You'll find that next time it's easier to get things done and you'll be much more productive.

No. 2|Study only what is most important.

Have you heard anything about Pareto principle? It is also known as the 80/20 rule. And there are many examples:

  1. Often, achievements are determined by 20% talent and 80% work;
  2. The exam will contain no more material from the 20% course;
  3. 20% of people of the world control 80% of money;
  4. Delphi has 80% of bad news and 20% of good news;
  5. 20% will use the knowledge of those who read this text, and 80% will continue to struggle;
  6. And so on...

My favorite - 20% work determines the result of 80%.

So if you are struggling after classes or lectures, studying for 6-10 hours extra, maybe you just need to review before work which tasks consume 80% of your time, and only give 20% result and put them aside; focusing on those that give the 80% result.

This will require some strictness and openness with yourself. Is everything you do really worth it? And is it really necessary to blame the book for memorization, if the point is not in memorization, but in the answers to the most important questions of the exam?

I can help you various time planning models, of which the ABC time planning method is probably the most suitable. He is the first to be mentioned in the article.

You can read more about the Pareto principle here:

No. 3|Questions and answers are educational.

The third step is to ask questions.

  • Question: What is the most common reaction to a question asked by a teacher?
  • Possible answer: The silence of the graves.
  • Question: And what are all the lessons for?
  • Possible answer: It is to learn more.

Asking anyone who cares and is at least somewhat on-topic (and sometimes off-topic) will certainly not get worse, and the answers can save you in the settlement or even change your outlook on life. Everything happens.

Questions and answers are the basis of stories. And stories stimulate the brain and we remember the most through stories.

You can make excuses: "hey, I don't have anything to ask, I'm afraid to speak, others will start laughing, what if I ask the wrong question?" or something like that...

But f*ck it. Show that you have a muscle (or two) and ask. Ignore others if there is fear. When buying cheese, do you also look around so that no one sees?

You should ask more:

No. 4|It will also require some subconsciousness.

A one-time action will not be enough for this exercise. It will require constant training, so the 95% reading this article may not be able to implement it. But everyone should know this.

What do we usually hear around us? There is probably a lot of negativity: complaints, words like "I didn't learn anything", "I won't be able to do that for sure", "what a piece of shit" and the like.

But there are good words from a wise man:

"Whether you believe you can do something or believe you can't, you'll be right."

How should I understand this?

We have such a mysterious and interesting thing - the subconscious mind, which we use unconsciously all the time. When we don't believe in ourselves, we send messages to the nervous system with the appropriate content, which unfortunately limits or even deprives us of the ability to create a specific result.

That's what most people do - does not believe in his own strength and unconsciously sets himself up for failure. I won't learn, I didn't learn, I won't answer...

Fortunately, you can use your subconscious mind to your advantage and get incredible results. If you keep sending messages to your nervous system that you will be able to perform a certain action, that possibility may actually become a reality. Yes, it is placebo and spontaneous effect together. 1

Articles about the subconscious mind:

No. 5|Break the information down into parts.

Did you notice how I put the information in this article? I split it. Information - phrase - information. Why do I do this?

Scientists like George Miller (and dozens of others) discovered long ago that our short-term memory can be only 4-8 objects of thought at a time.

Look at your phone number. I learned mine as follows: 86-129-2361. 2

Simple - divided into three short parts. But if I were to dictate "861-29236-1", I would have to think for a few seconds if it is the same number.

In other words - decomposition helps memorization. And that's cool, because breaking up information helps you move it into long-term memory.

But before we get to the long-term, here's some more about partitioning:

No. 6|Mmm... Association... I want you!

Creating neural associations is the most effective way of learning. Our mind works through connections - each thought causes another thought, which is related to the third. For example, we associate "A" with "B", practical people with Norfa, watermen with Russia... Then the Soviet Union, grandparents, war and a string of other thoughts are cool.

  • Question: How to use it?
  • One of the answers: Using anchoring.

Anchoring is learning by association.

You probably all know that feeling when a song you hear reminds you of one or another place, event or person. “She reminds me a lot of something,” you say. This is already an anchor. Once upon a time you felt a strong emotion, and maybe the song was playing in the background at that time, which cemented the emotion you felt.

This can also be used when learning. Here's the technique:

  1. Break down the information into convenient amounts using the method mentioned above.
  2. Review the information you have several times.
  3. Get into the situation as if you've already learned everything.
  4. Remember a moment when you felt amazing in the past.
  5. Associate that moment with the knowledge you need (remember how you felt at that time, what you saw, what you heard, what you thought) and get involved.

Empathy is the most important part here, because that's what anchoring is all about. It is empathy that is always experienced by theater actors, orators, or once upon a time, in ancient Greece, oral story tellers used it.

Anchor the state using the most convenient method:

  • Touch a certain part of your body with your hand (eg pat your shoulder, squeeze your ear);
  • Smell some smell (incense, perfume, sweat);
  • Listen to a song (preferably never heard before);
  • Visualize clearly what kind of image.

Repeat all this 2-3 times, assigning a different association to each piece of information. For pupils and students, it's probably best to use anchors that you would use in class (like touching a part of the body or imagining) because the teacher won't let you listen to the song you want, I'm guessing.

Once you've captured the information, you'll be able to legally cheat in class... 😉

I recommend:

No. 7|Finally, make a mind atlas.

You've heard of mind map? A mind map is an expression of radial thinking for thoughts, ideas, solutions for arrangement around a central theme. This is useful in that instead of hammering out a topic, you can simply build knowledge around it and thus memorize it faster.

Also, a mind map allows you to quickly lay out many ideas and connect them by developing one thought after another. And since without repeating knowledge it fades and is forgotten, using this method we can refresh the memory.

Here is what I use Tony Buzan, also known as the inventor of mind maps, method. You can also:

  1. Write the topic in the middle of the sheet.
  2. Arrange the branches of information around. Use at least 3 different colors for the branches; as well as signs or codes if that's more memorable for you.
  3. Choose the most significant facts and underline them.
  4. Mark the associations.

Mind maps can look like this. Or otherwise. It's your choice. Try it and you will see that this way of learning is simple, fun and effective. Visually presented knowledge is best remembered. 3

And again, even more:

The key is to use these techniques.

By seriously using these 7 exercises (not just rolling my eyes) I can now learn 4-5 times faster than others.

My life was turned upside down when I listened "Transformations of Attention" by Martynos Jocias. After listening, I started watching where I invest my attention, I started looking for ways to optimize activities and achieve the best results with the least amount of time.

Now I spend only about 4-5 hours a week on school, and my average is 9.2. In my free time, I work with activities that transport me.

So, learn how to learn. Search. understand get to know And finally pass those exams! It is not necessary to study at night to get tens and hundreds. Less is enough.

- Antanas Bernatonis

  1. It's true, don't overdo it with self-talk and motivational searches. Valtininkas talks about the threats of motivators in the article "When motivational quotes are secretly demotivating." How does that happen?' and Daniel in the article "Inspiration is a drug".

  2. One number changed... 😉

  3. This may be because, despite three different types of learning, we react to visual information faster than sound, or even more so, touch. The flash is more surprising than the noise. Of course, this is also debatable.

  • It's a shame I didn't have this article when I was an overnight student myself. :')

  • I liked the article too, I read it... The truth is there. There are really good and simple methods to understand and memorize (not memorize) the necessary information. Then the aforementioned score of 9.2 is guaranteed. 🙂

  • Very useful article! I will have to use at least some of the tips here, since I myself am in the 10th grade 🙂

    • Milda, it's the best time to enter a state of productive work, because starting now will accompany you throughout your life 😉

    • Yes, I recommend it too. Once upon a time, I used the methods of association and inspiration in school to prepare for oral accounts of the Lithuanian language. Even though I didn't know other exercises back then, somehow it came naturally 🙂

  • Anton, I am extremely happy for you! Thanks for this article. I kept thinking that it was necessary to stop doing extraneous work and do something, but it remained like this translation of myself and doing nothing. Now I am fully motivated and will definitely change the direction of my life in a better way. Thanks again and good luck!

    • Anna, nothing brings more joy than helping others! I will trust that you will show yourself not only with words, but also with deeds 🙂

  • In the end, that L'oreal quote was just the cherry on top! 😀 great article, Antanas, I will try to make a coup in my life too :))

    • We thought about the last quote for a long time, the older generation didn't like it, but we left it in the final version 😉

      • And the editor was not an older generation. Only a few years older than you 😀

  • when preparing for exams at school or university, I always divided the material into as many parts as I had days and took one away - I kept the last one for repeating everything, consolidating, or the most confusing things

  • It's been a long time since I was nineteen :), but I'm very happy to read such an intelligent article 🙂 without stopping to INTEREST, OBSERVE, DISCOVER... there are many people like you and many different from you 😉 different by nature, because they were brought up this way, etc. you will discover them all, please update this article of yours 😉 there will definitely be more to add.

  • I think there is no need to use so many "I", "I" and "I" in the article. If there are methods described in other articles, then that "I" is not really interesting to anyone, because it is not the fruit of your experience, the result of an experiment, it is a report, information collected from other sources (some not very reliable, some nothing at all) and described theoretical part The advice itself is not bad, but the style of writing the article is like a motivational speaker who really comes to "teas" your mind and collect your money.

  • Good techniques, heard, and although it seems that they need a lot of work and practice, when you think about it, some techniques (such as splitting or anchoring) come naturally. But you will have to read about 20/80 separately 😀

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